most women, during their childbearing age are affected
with cysts in the ovary, most of them are not even aware
of such conditions since many of them are harmless,
benign i.e. non-cancerous and free of any symptoms. But
there are others that could turn malignant (cancerous)
anytime. Although their presence can be revealed during
routine medical check up, proper diagnosis is often
required to know the actual nature of the harboring
cysts so that steps may have to be taken for their
removal and/or treatment. At the outset, one may do well
to know that there are 2 basic types
of cysts in the ovary:
the functional and the abnormal.
Detailed subdivisions will follow later.
Functional cysts are the most common types of cysts found in many adult females. These benign ovarian cysts are subdivided into two groups, namely, (a) Luteal cysts and (b). Follicular cysts Follicular cysts occur during the 1st section of the cycle while luteal cysts are seen in the 2nd half. Interestingly enough, though most ovarian cysts are caused due to abnormal cell growth, functional ovarian cysts are the product of a minor alteration of the normal functioning of the ovary.
As for the Follicular ovarian cysts, they are totally devoid of any symptom and may only be detected during routine abdominal examination at the doctor`s office. As a matter of fact, when the egg-making follicle of the ovary releases an egg every month, the egg often does not get released while the follicle keeps on growing, becomes enlarged with fluid, eventually taking the form of an ovarian cyst. Minor medication usually takes care of the situation and the problem is resolved in course of two or three menstrual cycle.
Luteal cysts come up in the latter period of the cycle once the egg has been released at the time of the ovulation. However, as soon as ovulation takes place in a normal cycle, the ruptured follicle develops into the "corpus luteum" that produces a hormone called progesterone, anticipating pregnancy. Under normal circumstances, when the egg is not fertilized, the "corpus luteum" should wither, progesterone level should come down and period should start. But if the corpus luteum fails to wither, gets full with blood and starts to grow, a luteal ovarian cyst gets formed.
As far as abnormal ovarian cells are concerned, there are quite a good many, some of them may look bizarre in formation while others are likely to turn cancerous (though not always). Also, they are quite different from functional ovarian cysts since they are formed out of abnormal growth of cells. These cysts may remain forever in their host's ovaries or may burst, calling for instant surgery.
One of the freakiest abnormal cells or rather tumors is the dermoid ovarian cyst. Basing upon the theory that the egg has the potential to create a baby and even an unfertilized egg can produce body tissues; a bizarre scene comes to view when looking at the contents of a dermoid ovarian cyst (also called teratomas). It is often filled up with fragments of human hair, bones, teeth and skin. Unlike conventional cysts that are mostly pliable and are soft to the touch, dermoid ovarian cysts are solid, hard structures that are likely to turn cancerous any moment.
Cystadenoma ovarian cysts, also a type of abnormal ovarian cyst develops at the outside surface of the ovaries. These cysts often grow to large size (one reportedly weighed 328 lb or 149 kg found in a 37 year old female). These cysts reportedly occur at an early age and the cyst turned tumor happens to be unilateral and are often found attached by a stem to the ovary. Though they do not usually cause any symptom but often proves extremely painful when they twist or turn as well as burst.
Abnormal Endometrial ovarian cysts begin to grow in body parts other than the womb while endometrial patches may come up on the ovary, creating ovarian cysts that are commonly called "chocolate cysts" because they are mostly filled with dark chocolate colored stale blood.
Some females often have numerous small cysts in their ovaries (Polycystic Ovary) that are formed from imbalances in hormones. However, they can not be called cysts since they are nothing but small egg follicles residing within the ovaries. Nevertheless, the also form a part of abnormal ovarian cysts.
No matter what the type of ovarian cyst, in most cases, holistic remedies are the best way to treat them. This is because the holistic approach treats the body as a whole and this is often required because the contributing factors of the cyst may be many. In the conventional approach, just the symptoms are treated and since the root causes remain unattended to, the cyst often returns. The holistic approach on the other hand goes deeper and identifies all the contributing factors and treats each one of them individually. This is why it is so much more successful in treating ovarian cysts.