Ovarian cysts are fluid filled small sacs within the ovaries, and sometimes, they can be outside it as well. Most women of child bearing age have at least one ovarian cyst in their bodies at sometimes in their lives - they are so widespread.
These cysts go away within a few months without causing any trouble. However sometimes, a cyst can cause serious harm. Although cysts are generally benign, they can turn malignant, can rupture or burst and this can cause problems.
Surgery is often recommended when there is such a cyst. The type of surgery will depend on the size of the cyst, and how they appear on the ultrasound. Here are the different types of surgery:
Laparoscopy - The surgeon makes a small incision in the abdomen and inserts a very small tube like device. With the help of this device, the surgeon is able to view the ovaries, the pelvic cavity etc. If the cyst is small in size, then it may be removed through another small incision that is made in the pubic hair line.
Laparotomy - This procedure is used if the cyst is bigger in size. A bigger incision is made to remove it in such a situation. The cyst is then sent to the lab for testing, and if it is found to be cancerous or malignant, then one or both the ovaries might need to be removed. Based on the case, the surgeon might have to remove the uterus, a fold of fatty tissues known as omentum etc.
Surgery of cysts however is not a permanent solution, as chances are that the cyst might recur again. Removal of both the ovaries completely kills the chances of the woman being pregnant ever. The best way to cure ovarian cysts is through the holistic mode of treatment. The holistic method treats the body as whole and eradicates all the contributing factors. The symptoms go away and the cyst never returns.