Pain in ovaries is a common complaint among women of all ages. The nature and intensity of the pain may fluctuate and its cause is often obscure. In some cases the disease is not very evident. The pain could be psychological, which can make the pain feel worse or actually cause a sensation of pain, when no physical problem is present. Pain in ovaries can be acute meaning the pain is sudden and severe or chronic lasting over a period of months or longer.
Some of the more common causes of pain in ovaries could be:
- Ectopic pregnancy - a pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Twisted or ruptured ovarian cyst.
- Miscarriage or threatened miscarriage
- Ruptured fallopian tube.
- Menstrual cramps.
- Adhesions - scar tissue between the internal organs in the pelvic cavity.
- Ovarian cancer.
During the menstrual cycle, the ovaries produce a follicle and this releases an egg at the end of the cycle. A follicle that does not disintegrate and/or releases an egg into the ovarian space becomes a cyst. The follicle may accumulate and secrete a fluid growing in size and eventually forming a cyst in that area. Normally, within one or two menstrual cycles these cysts very naturally disintegrate and disappear from the ovaries. The process of ovulation can bring about sudden painful sensations due to these cysts in some women.
Pain in the ovaries which occurs during menstruation may be menstrual cramps or it may indicate a problem in a reproductive organ. This includes conditions such as endometriosis, when tissue from the uterus is displaced and attaches to the pelvic wall or ovaries, ovarian cancer, or pelvic inflammatory disease - an infection causes due to a sexually transmitted disease.
Usually, ovarian pain is unilateral and diagnosis depends greatly on when the pain occurs. If ovarian pain occurs in the middle of a menstrual cycle (mittelschmerz), it is diagnosed as ovulation pain. Pain may be due to torsion of an ovarian cyst producing a unilateral lower abdominal pain. Severe pain indicates necrosis at the site of the torsion. If there is a hemorrhage into an ovary or ovarian cyst the pain will be similar but is less severe. A ruptured ovary will produce unilateral ovarian pain and signs of peritoneal irritation which may be similar to that of appendicitis.
Pain in the ovaries must always be thoroughly checked out by a medical doctor before starting treatment. While a conventional treatment may be necessary if there is a malignancy, holistic treatments can be quite effective in regaining the natural rhythm and health of the body at the same time eliminating discomfort and cause of the pain.